Unique Artifacts Loaned to Exhibition in Tsarskoe Selo

2021-07-20T11:18:01-04:00July 16th, 2021|Announcements, Loans|

ST PETERSBURG, RUSSIA – The Russian History Museum is honored to loan fifty rare objects to Russia’s Tsarskoe Selo Museum-Preserve in St. Petersburg, for a new exhibition on view July 23 – October 18, 2021. At the Sovereign’s Stirrup («При государеве стремени. Конные эскорты России с XVI века и до наших дней») presents the history of mounted military units that escorted Russia’s tsars and emperors. A significant part of the exhibition is dedicated to the history of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Escort, the elite Cossack Guards unit that served as the emperor’s personal detail from the early 19th century until the Russian Revolution.

Nicholas II, Grand Duchesses Olga Nikolaevna and Tatiana Nikolaevna with a group of veterans and members of the Escort in historical uniforms at the entrance of the Grand Catherine Palace at the 100th anniversary of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Escort. Tsarskoe Selo. 1911. Russian History Museum, gift of Nadeschda Protopopoff, 2015.

The Russian History Museum was approached by Dmitrii A. Klochkov, exhibition curator and recently-appointed Head of the Military History Department of Tsarskoe Selo Museum-Preserve, who wished to borrow unique materials relating to the Imperial Escort. Some of these artifacts and documents had left Russia after the Revolution and Russian Civil War, while others were created by members of the Escort in the diaspora. These objects were saved and preserved abroad by members of the Escort and their descendants, and now form an important part of the Russian History Museum’s holdings.

Klochkov worked closely with the Museum’s Executive Director, Michael Perekrestov, to identify and select significant pieces for At the Sovereign’s Stirrup, which celebrates the 210th anniversary of the Imperial Escort’s formation. Militaria from the imperial and emigre periods, silver, photographs, and documents from the Museum are featured in the first major exhibition on the escort of the Russian tsars.

The most significant loan from the Russian History Museum is undoubtedly the St. George Standard of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Escort. This banner, an exceptional mark of distinction, was awarded by Emperor Alexander II to the Chernomorskii Divizion, a subunit of the Imperial Escort, in 1856. In 1861 it became the standard of Life-Guards Kuban Cossack Squadrons (the Escort consisted of Cossacks from the Kuban and Terek Cossack Hosts). The silk standard is elaborately embroidered in silver thread.

Standard of the Life-Guards Chernomorskii Cossack Divizion, later the Life-Guards Kuban Cossack Squadrons. Presented to the unit by Alexander II in 1856 and featuring the Emperor’s cypher in each corner. Russian History Museum, gift of the Union of the Division of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Escort (1.1.97).

It is accompanied by a silvered finial in the form of an imperial double-headed eagle and enameled cross of the Order of St. George, Russia’s highest military decoration, that topped the standard. Another component of the standard loaned to Tsarskoe Selo is a gilded band, originally attached to the standard’s staff, that is engraved with inscriptions enumerating the unit’s military feats.    

The standard’s silvered finial features an imperial double-headed eagle and an enameled cross of the Order of St. George, Russia’s highest military decoration. The bracket (skoba) lists the Division’s military feats. Russian History Museum, gift of the Union of the Division of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Escort (5.97; 1.2.97).

Another important piece is the Imperial Escort’s “farewell cup.” On the eve of their departure to the Caucasus following the February Revolution of 1917, all the officers of the Escort who were at Tsarskoe Selo visited their Assembly for the last time. At this farewell meal, the place settings were unusual. All the silver usually presented on the table at officers’ banquets was missing from the table. It was packed away, together with the rest of the property of the Tsarskoye Selo Officers’ Assembly. In its place, each officer found a single “farewell cup,” featuring engraved signatures of all his fellow officers. The “farewell cup” in the Russian History Museum’s collection belonged to Viktor Erastovich Zborovskii, who became the unit’s commander during the ensuing Civil War.

“Farewell cup” received by Viktor Erastovich Zborovskii, an officer of the Imperial Escort. The cup is engraved with signatures of other officers of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Escort. Russian History Museum, gift of the Union of the Division of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Escort (12.97).

The traditions of the Escort continued in exile. One of the loaned artifacts is a gilded metal and steel link bracelet made in the diaspora to commemorate the 125th anniversary of the Escort in 1936.  A similar bracelet with the Escort’s emblem, purportedly designed by Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, had been made in 1911, when the Escort celebrated its 100th anniversary. These diamond-studded bracelets, presented by the Escort’s commander to the Empress and Grand Duchesses in 1911, served as the inspiration for the 1936 version.

Bracelets with the Imperial Escort’s emblem were created to commemorate the unit’s 125th anniversary in 1936. Colonel N. V. Galushkin is seen wearing such a bracelet at a celebration, possibly the Escort’s 150th anniversary commemorated in New York in 1961. Russian History Museum, gift of the Nadeschda Protopopoff (39.2015).

“It is moving and exciting to be a part of this exhibition. Some of these objects, such as the Imperial Escort’s standard, are returning to Tsarskoe Selo for the first time since 1917,” said Michael Perekrestov, Executive Director of the Russian History Museum. “I am particularly pleased that, despite significant challenges presented by the pandemic, we continue to partner with international museums and share our treasures with a global audience. We are thrilled to present these unique artifacts to museum-goers in Russia.” 

In recent years, the Russian History Museum has loaned objects to several international venues, including the Science Museum in London, the Manege in Moscow, and the Ikonenmuseum in Frankfurt. Driven by its mission to share its distinctive collection with the public to educate and inspire, the Russian History Museum continues its track record of national and international museum loans by partnering with Tsarskoe Selo. Other lenders to At the Sovereign’s Stirrup include the State Hermitage, Tretyakov Gallery, State Historical Museum, Gatchina Palace and Estate Museum, Pavlovsk Museum, State Russian Museum, and Kremlin Museums.

Among the loans are components of uniforms worn by members of the Imperial Escort, including a beshmet (shirt), papakha (wool cap), and cherkeska (tunic). Russian History Museum, gift of the Nadeschda Protopopoff (10.2015; 17.2015; 16.2015).

The exhibition is accompanied by a richly illustrated catalog and documentary film. “We provided high-quality scans of materials in instances when photographs and documents from our collection were too fragile to physically transport to Tsarskoe Selo for the exhibition,” explained Perekrestov. Reproductions of these materials are included in the exhibition, as well as the catalog and documentary. “We have a number of important objects which fill in gaps in the history of the Imperial Escort,” noted Nick Nicholson, the Museum’s Curator. “Some of the objects on loan from the Russian History Museum are exhibited to the public for the first time.”

The exhibition is on view at the Cameron Gallery of the Tsarskoe Selo Museum-Preserve, an elegant, colonnaded building commissioned by Catherine the Great. Designed by the architect Charles Cameron and completed in 1787, the Gallery is situated perpendicular to the Catherine Palace. 

The Cameron Gallery at Tsarskoe Selo, where the exhibition will be on view until October 18.
The Catherine Palace stretches on in the background. Image: saint-petersburg.com